A BYZANTINE BRONZE RELIQUARY CROSS PENDANT
Hinged at the top and pinned to a ribbed bail, engraved with frontal figure of St. John, arms raised, “orans”, palm fronds at the edges of the cross’ arms, inscribed in Greek,
O IOANIS. The reverse inscribed in Greek, from the top, O IOANES, and from the left, O THEOLOGOS (St. John the Theologian).
9TH Century AD or earlier
12.4 x 6.5 cm (4 7/8 x 2 9/16 inches)
Ex: Constable-Maxwell Collection, Switzerland, 1950s–60s.
Cf. Marvin K. Ross, Catalogue of Byzantine and Early Mediaeval Antiquities in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. Volume Two. Jewelry, Enamels, and Art of the Migration Period. (Washington D.C., 1965), pl. I.III; pp. 74–75.
Antiquarium, Ltd.; Ancient Treasures XVII (New York, 2018) p.49